Total eclipse of the supermoon

Heidi Kavanagh
28 September 2015

Above: Lunar eclipse of September 28, 2015 as seen from New York (Edward Blake, Wikimedia Commons)

A rare spectacle was on display in the sky on the night of September 27-28, 2015: a total eclipse of a supermoon. The last time this happened was 1982 and it won't happen again until 2033.

What is a supermoon?

A supermoon is a full moon that occurs when the Moon is the closest to Earth. On average, the Moon is 384,400 km away from Earth. But the Moon's orbit is elliptical, not perfectly round. So the distance varies by about 7% over the course of each rotation. When it's closest to the Earth, the Moon appears 12-13% larger and shines 30% brighter.

The Moon’s elliptical orbit around Earth. Click image to enlarge (Rfassbind, Wikimedia Commons)

What is a total eclipse of the Moon?

A total eclipse occurs when the Earth, which rotates around the Sun, gets in between the Sun and the Moon. Normally, light from the Sun shines directly on the Moon, causing it to light up the night sky on Earth. But during an eclipse, light from the Sun can only reach the Moon by refracting through the Earth's atmosphere.

As it refracts through the atmosphere, light from the Sun causes the Moon to appear blood red to those of us watching from Earth. This is the same effect that occurs during sunsets, when the light from the setting Sun is refracted by the Earth and turns the sky red. Total lunar eclipses (not necessarily during a supermoon) occur once every two and a half years.

Geometry of a lunar eclipse. Some light from the Sun still manages to reach the Moon during a eclipse. But because this light is refracted by Earth's atmosphere, it causes the Moon to appear red. Click image to enlarge (Wikimedia Commons, Sagredo)

Total eclipse of a supermoon

The total eclipse of a supermoon that occurred in September 2015 could be seen from anywhere in Canada. There are actually 12 stages of a total eclipse but stages six through eight are the most exciting ones! That is when you can see the most vibrant reds.

Heidi Kavanagh

Hi!

I am a teacher in Labrador. I have a Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Earth Sciences with minors in Environmental Science and French and a Masters in Environmental Science. I finished off my education with a B.Ed. for students grades 7-12.

I was a very active Let's Talk Science volunteer from the Memorial University site in St. John's, NL. Additionally, I was the rural, remote and aboriginal outreach coordinator at that site and am very passionate about delivery Let's Talk Science programs across NL. 

I am also a Science Editor with CurioCity. I love everything science!

Salut!

Je travaille comme enseignante au Labrador et aussi comme réviseure scientifique pour CurioCité. J'ai un baccalauréat ès sciences avec spécialisation en sciences de la Terre et mineure en sciences de l'environnement, ainsi qu'une maitrise en sciences de l'environnement et un baccalauréat en éducation (7e à 12e année).

J'étais une bénévole très active de Parlons sciences au site de sensibilisation de l'Université Memorial, à Saint-Jean de Terre-Neuve. De plus, j'étais la coordonnatrice de sensibilisation aux communautés rurales, éloignées et autochtones. Je travaillais pour assurer la livraison des programmes de Parlons sciences partout à Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador. 

J'adore des sciences!



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